The current planetary shifts and species redistribution require us to rethink nature conservation, both from the viewpoint of forming novel ecosystems and in relation to issues of historical equity. In
particular, this reorientation needs to establish remedies for the historical errors of mainstream societies that promoted nature conservation for their own benefit, at the expense of Indigenous
societies. The article explores Finnish and Sámi cases of community-led restoration as a vehicle of survival. In the end profound questions emerge – how to co-exist with these rewilded sites for a better future?